Category Archives: collocations

TOPIC 8: THE MASS MEDIA

Possible questions in the speaking about the topic the Mass Media:

  • Changes in the Mass Media during the last years.
  • Journalist’s role in the digital era.
  • Yellow press:  Do you think that pay much attention in celebrities? Do you agree o disagree?
  • Give your opinion about these statements.

Brainstorming and Mind Map:

The mass media

Haz click aquí para ver la imagen (glogster)

Posible Answer:

The Mass Media involve Television, Radio, Press and of course, Internet, and besides,  all way of communication.  The Mass media can control the opinion public’s interests, and so that it has a vital importance nowadays. On the other hand,  Society never has had a great variety of information than ever before. Due to the use of new technology and specially the internet, we get the free information at the press of a bottom.

So, the role of the journalist and specially  serious press have a great revelance. It is very important that  journalists check their information carefully, and should have the obligation to inform their readers of the facts accurately. On the other hand, it’s very common that journalists concentrate their efforts on famous people, because it can appeal more readers, and therefore more publicity on their media platforms.

During the last years, Yellow press had become very popular and had attracted a lot of readers.  It is a kind of journalism which focuses on sensationalism and a way of exaggerating  news. Generally speaking, it involves famous people’s life, celebrities’s scandals, gossiping, Violent crimes, Royal family  and so on… It is covered by tabloids, magazines, websites… Nowadays, it is becoming more and more popular and successful, and appeal readers’s attention with eye-catching headlines, impressive pictures and so on….. In my opinion, in some cases, the governments are interested in this Yellow press, because people’s minds are occupatied in these banal cases and not the nation’s real problems. It can be very worrying, because this way people have not opportunity to think or to give their opinions,  discuss the problems…..

As far as I am concerned, public opinion can be influenced by the Mass Media, and it’s a terrible situation, because this trends to make people stupid. People have to be aware that they have to read realible news and serious press, in order to be very well informed. So that, the society would create a good knowledge of their society’s problems and realize of the real situation that surround us.

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TOPIC 7: FRIENDSHIP AND DATING

TOPIC 7: FRIENDSHIP AND DATING

Ideas and Brainstorming (Your mind can not go blank)

friendship and dating (2)

Haz clik aquí para ver la imagen (glog)

POSSIBLE QUESTIONS YOU CAN HOPE IN YOUR SPEAKING ABOUT THIS TOPIC:

  • How have the ways of staying in touch with people and dating changed during the last years?
  • Which way of staying in touch with your friends do you prefer?
  • What are the advantages or disadvantages of each of these options?

ANSWER

Nowadays, the way of meeting people has changed a lot. With the impact of social networks,  online methods to meet new people have increased and got much more fashionable than other traditional ways as meeting people in a bar or at work. Having a social life is very important in people’s lives because it can make you be happier.

Either friendship or between partners, we are generally attracted to people who are similar to us, fairly similar in education, intelligence and what we think matters in life. Besides, Couples usually share religious and beliefs and are about the same age. Sometimes, starting to make friends and as a result the couple’s relationship gets stronger. So that, you can feel attracted to each other, and begin to go out.

Today, the internet is one of the most popular ways for people to get dates. Social networks are a helpful tool to meet new people. There are a lot of relationships that have started online. It is a easy way, because you can speak with unknown people at home, you can express your feelings more easily online and get to know each other more quickly. On the other hand, you can lie more easily, and you can read people’s misleading profiles in a dating site. You should be aware of having reasonable expectations when you chat to speak though social networks.

On the other hand, there are a wide range of posibilities of meet people, for example, in blind dates, speed dates….. Finding a partner has always been complicated proceess. In recent years speed dating has become popular all around the world. It means that a single person have exactly 3 minutes to decide if the person they are talking to, could be your perfect people. Everything involves in a quick conversation. Internet is a good option for people that can’t have a social life. The traditional offline methods are much more effective because you talk to other person face to face, and it is much more trustful.

The most important thing in a relationship is Trust and you  can be available in awful situations. Keeping in touch with your friends is very necessary, even when your friend live far away from you. You should be supportive when your friends feel upset or get down. So that, it’s very likely to have a lot of friends.

Having a good social life is very necessary in our life. If you tend o be self-sufficient and not need many friends, you can end up alone and that is not a good option for your life.

(Nota: El topic en general es muy extenso, no están abarcados todos los puntos en la redacción del speaking. Por eso, en el brainstorming (glogs/imagen) hay más ideas no tratadas en la respuesta, que se nombran con el fin de dar más ideas y no quedarse en blanco)

TOPIC 6: SHOPPING CENTRES.

TOPIC 6: MALLS AND SHOPPING CENTRES

(Examen Escuela Oficial de Idiomas de Zaragoza)shopping centres

Vocabulary and Brainstorming:

Vocabulary and Brainstorming.

Clicka aquí para ver la imagen de los esquemas (Glog)

Answer:

Since few years back, we are seeing that malls and Shopping Centres are being more and more successful ways of purchasing in our lifestyle. They are huge buildings which are built on the outskirts or commercial areas of our cities. There, you can buy absolutely everything. A great variety of stores are there, in the same place, shops like: supermarkets, clothing stores, shoe shops… (and so on)… There, you can find a wide range of products, but specially you can pick up bargains because there are usually a lot of sales.

All products are well laid out, their window displays are very attractive, sometimes there are a pleasant music, a wide range of products, prices are clearly marked….Everything is thought to customers spend their money, and come back for their following shopping.

Some years ago, people used to buy in the little shops. People have everything at the doors of their houses. But now, many of Corner shops have closed.  Local shops could not compete with these malls.  And now, people do their shopping in this big shopping centres where they buy for the week, for a longer period.

Besides, you can have a lot of facilities to make you have your shopping easier.  They become a leisure centre. You can find cinemas, restaurants…. you can spend and enjoy all the day there, having a lunch, watching a movie, taking a coffee…. It is very common to see entire families spending the day there. It is considered as an outing. It is very important to have a free parking lot there. Besides, normally, these places also have a special place where you can leave your children attended by childminders while you do all your shopping, have sport facilities like ski slopes… (and so on)….

Malls are becoming in a successful way of spending your spare time. But, on the other hand, we are creating consumer societies. The most important advantage is that these malls create employments. But, in Today’s consumer society, malls and shopping centres are appearing as a fashionable way of shopping, and something, like unique to spend your free time, and these way of thinking can be dangerous.

TOPIC 2: SOCIAL CHANGE

2 TOPIC: SOCIAL CHANGE


MONOLOGUE: SOCIALCHANGE (ESCUELA OFICIAL DE IDIOMAS DE CACERES)
What social changes have resulted from the increased mobility of people around the world?
·        Multicultural societies.
·        Opportunity.
·        Xenophobia.
_____________________________________________________________________________
2 TOPIC: SOCIAL CHANGE
             Social changes have resulted from the increased mobility around the world. It’s a phenomenon which has happened throughout the history.
               People who lived in poor conditions have travelled to richest countries than their own, to be living in better conditions.
               Getting used to a new life, new language, new customes is very difficult and imply a long time of adaptation. This can create Multicultural societies, which can get a lot of advantages and disadvantages. The main advantage would be create a cultural diversity which all together could live in peace. It’s very important people open up their mind, encourage tolerance towards others ways of life…. So that, we can make the transition into a new society.
               People have to be willing to accept to other country’s people who coming to living with us. We can help them in order to create a much better society.
               On the other hand, there would be other disadvantages too. Sometimes they don’t adopt the culture of their new country. Ghettos and run-downs areas created to them. They live in it and they cannot integrate. So, it may appear xenophobia toward poorest migration, and it can develope in big riots and violent acts.
               As for the Opportunities. We live in a global society. At any time, the Company where you work can send you to work to other country. You and even your family have to be ready to this: open your mind, encourage to know other cultures, learning other languages….. you have to see the positive side and thinking it is an enriching experience.
               Apart from that, Governments have to get social measures in order to improving new housing to them, healt care to them, free classes to study the country’s language…
               As far as I’m concerned (I believe) that young people benefit greatly from living and working abroad. Living in a multicultural society enriches our lifes.Esquema (mapa mental) en Mindomo del topic Social Change:

http://www.mindomo.com/es/edit/15d18e1ed92046508951551863ac8961

http://www.mindomo.com/es/edit/15d18e1ed92046508951551863ac8961  (clicka en el enlace para ver el mapa mental)

(Topic spoken in 3/4 minutes)

TOPIC 1: WORK (I): VOCABULARY/ COLLOCATIONS

TOPIC 1: JOBS (I): VOCABULARY/ COLLOCATIONS
 
Adjectives describing a job:

challenging                        tediousmonotonous                       boring         repetitive                           time-consuming  rewarding                          full-timemotivating                         outdoor demanding                        though     well-paid                            Part time/ full time.

 
Other words related with job:
employer                           employee
qualifications                    career
skills                                  staff
freelance                           self-employed
work experience               Run a business
marketing strategy            Good opportunities
happiest employees          Relevant experience
Retired people                  A working day
Salary/ wages
 
Adjectives related with people:
Commuter
Calculating                       Concerned
Insecure                           Secure
flexible                             Motivated
self-motivated                  Organized
dependent                        Honest
loyal                                 Patient
Collocations/ sentences:
the world of work is changing.
be in charge of
Deal with very difficult clients
He is off work at the moment
I am on maternity leave.
I am a part of a successful team
get promoted to head of department.
I am on a short-term contract.
The Company was losing money.
Out of work: I have been out of work for 3 months.
Get a better job
Get a promotion/ be promoted.
On the dole.
I was sacked
More rewarding than….
Interpersonal skills.
Under pressure
Take a drop in salary
work abroad
 

What makes people happy at work:
 
     

          Doing something rewarding

·        Doing varied work
·        earning a competitive salary
·        Doing enjoyable work
·        Having a good boss or manager
·        Having a good working-life balance.
·        Having supportive, friendly colleagues.
·        Having your achievements recognized.
·        Relaxed atmosphere
·        get promoted.
·        learning from my mistakes.
·        The courage to set out and seek my fortune.
       Being part of a successful team.