Monthly Archives: August 2013

TOPIC 12: THE ENVIRONMENT

Possible questions in the exam:

  • Do you ever worry about the environment? Are you self-conscious about the environment?
  • What are the biggest environmental problems in the world?
  • Is there a problem with clean water in your country? If so, why is there a problem?
  • What can governments do to save our environment?
  • What can individual do to help the enviroment? Give reasons.

TOPIC12ENVIRONMENT

Haz click aquí para ver la infografía (Glogster)

Possible Answer:

Nowadays, our natural environment is suffering more and more the terrible human impact. At the moment, there are a lot of environmental problems, like desforestation, the destruction of the ozone layer, acid rain, the greenhouse effect, pollution in the air with traffic humes, and harmful chemicals which are released into the atmosphere,  pollution in the rivers and oceans with illegal effluents, sewage spills, industrial waste, drinking water is being contamined due to river pollution…. (and so on)….

All this take parts of a terrible situation and involves awful drawbacks in our planet. The destruction of the rainforest carries many animals are wiped out, fish supplies are depleted through overfishing, pollution is very harmful for us, besides, there are methods of electricity generation (which emit greenhouse gases), and contribute to global warming.

Our governments have to improve their natural measures. It is important to support  alternative source of power, like solar stations, wind power… These one should be easy to live and work with, safe, practical, cheap and clean. On top of that, they are higly productive and friendly with the planet. Besides, our goverments should have stricker laws and hard punishments for illegal hunting, encourage countries to control the number of trees are cut down, reduce gases emitted from factories (and so on)…

On the other hand, we all have to be aware about this problem, and contribute to conserve our planet, like: switch off the lights, ride a bicycle, insulate our houses, use public transport, use less petrol and electricity, save on water, recycle our rubbish ….. In this way, we all can contribute to conservate our environment and wildlife.

Our environment affects all of us. We share the same planet. We all have to be aware of the necessity of improve our natural world. The environmental organizations play an important role, but we all can do a little effort in being much more ecological.

(*Nota: El tema de “Environment” es un poco lioso. No hace falta estudiarse conceptos muy específicos ni ser un especialista en la materia. Sólo llevar las ideas claras y además que esas ideas sean muy sencillas. No hace falta entrar en mucha materia).

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TOPIC 11: MONEY

Possible Questions:

  • How important is money in today’s society?
  • Which is the safest way of paying for something? How far do you agree that people who regularly pay for things online risk becoming the victims of fraud or identity theft?
  • In the future, traditional forms of money, coins banknotes and even cheques will completely disappear within the next few years and be entirely replaced by credit cards and other mechanical or digital methods of paying. What’s your opinion?

money

Para ver la infografía, haz click aquí. (glogster)

Possible Answer:

In today’s consumer society, money plays a vital role. We all are dominated by spending money and buying material possessions. As a matter of fact, having money can show your status in our society: having a good car, wealthy possessions, living in a upper-class neighbourhood and so on…. can be the representative of the real happiness. On the other hand, we are highly likely to have endless mortgages, high invoices, others instalments… besides, the standard of living has risen a lot over the last years, and we can see how families can’t make end meet due to their mortgage and the cost of living in general. It’s for that money is very important for us.

Since a long time ago, due to new technologies and the use of the internet, we can buy and pay by the internet. It’s a easy and comfortable way of payment, and it is becoming more and more popular, but it can carry fraud and cheating. With a credit card’s number, you can purchase absolutely everything on the net. And, it is very easy to have a identity theft and be cheated. Nowadays, there are a lot of research and studies to avoid this way of fraud, but internet is not the safest way of payment. In a press of a bottom, you can pay any amount of money. You can be aware of this problem, and be very self-conscious with your shopping on the web. In my opinion, I think that the safest way of paying for something is face to face, but nowadays we all are dominated by the internet, because is very easy to achieve goods and services on the net, by the way the Computer crime has to be pursued and tried by the authorities.

In the near future, Coins and paper money are likely to disappear and be replaced by digital methods: through mobile phones, advanced credit cards and so on…. It may occur but as far as I am concerned, I think that that moment may happen in a long term. Nowadays, there are a lot of people, specially elderly people, who don’t know pay by the internet and credit cards… but Banking in general work in this way, by the way Digital methods of paying and paper money’s disappearance will take place in a not too far future.

(This answer takes about 5 minutes. Money is a topic very important. It is likely to answer you about this. There are a lot of questions about this topic, but speaking about ways of paying and the role of the internet in this are the most populars in any exam).

TOPIC 10: ADVERTISING WORLD

POSSIBLE QUESTIONS:

  • Arguments for and against advertising
  • Censorship
  • What makes you buy something.
  • What particular advertisements you can remember vividly and why

VOCABULARY AND BRAINSTORMING:

Advertising

Haz click aquí para ver la Infografía (Glogster)

 

POSSIBLE ANSWER:

Nowadays, we all are surrounded by advertising. It is a way of showing people your products or services and make them are bought and used. It is an unavoidable part of everyone’s life. Nobody can scape of it. You cannot avoid it. Advertising world has been changing in a great way, specially with the developing of the Mass Media and Internet. We are been boomed with a lot of information. Most of it, it’s prepared to make us to buy goods.

Advertisements are run by Advertising agencies. They make wonderful campaign strategies in order to create a powerful brand building. Most of the products have to be promoted by publicity campaigns in order to be known by people and consequently to be bought.

There are a lot of types of advertisements. Some of them are playing with our minds. In a way that, there are passing us information that we don’t realize. Not always it works but in many cases, it does. Ads. Agencies are paid by sponsor companies in order to make that certain type of products are known by people. There is a great variety of ads.: some of them are very attractive, funny with nice music…. on the other hand, other ads. want you to think about their messages. These advs. make us to feel impacted and most of them remain in our minds. It is a main outline of advertising campaigns. But, the general propose is make you buy something. Not necessarily, it is a necessity for you, but with the advs., they create our new and false necessities.

During the last years, Internet has changed in a successful platform for publicity. It is cheaper, and reaches a bigger amount of people at any time. New technologies have been a revolution in the way of advertising world. It is the most important source of income for the Media. So that, it is so important to them.

In my opinion, we have to learn to distinguish what we need and we not need in order not to be affected by this advertising campaign, because this campaign’s destiny is for people who have not very clear ideas. People have to be aware what advertisement wants and think themselves what they need. On the other hand, Although, it helps to create a consumer society, advertising world move a lot of money and create a lot of employments.