TOPIC 14: ELDERLY PEOPLE

Possible Exam:

Questions:

Organise these prompts before you talk to the examiners about the topic for 4-6 minutes:

  • The role of the elderly in today’s society
  • Retirement and free time
  • Residential versus home care.

( Escuela oficial de idiomas. Comunidad de Madrid)

Possible answer:

During last years, expectation of life has increased a lot and nowadays there are a great elderly population. These people need all ours care. Elderly people give us much life experience, give us company, affection, understanding, patience… and on the other hand, they sometimes feel alone, they can suffer from diseases, and even they can become dependant of other people…

Although, There are a great number of these people who feel themselves in a proper way. Besides, they have to feel helpful and have to fill all their time practicing …. Specially, ability exercises for their mind, doing handicrafts, take part in associations, outdoor exercises, take part in associations and clubs…. They should be kept busy and keep their mind active. They have not to be alone because this situation can end up to a depression. It is important their quality of life to be much better.

As for the third question, Elderly people sometimes have to choose about their future. They can not live in their own home, because they are dependant, and choose live in a residential centre. They are very taken care of in this institutions which has got a lot of facilities, monitors or instructors and besides take care of their health. On the other hand, It is very common the home care, which means that someone (a nurse…) attend their home to check them. It is a good solution because they can live on their own, being independent and at the same time, they are being assisted by specialized people.

As far as I am concerned, I think that National health services may have to be much cheaper for these people, and they must to have got much more assistance. Besides, people have to be thoughtful with them, take care of them, that they can feel they are appreciated… It is would be a good thing to reach an old age, but in good physical and mental conditions.

TOPIC 13: THE BEAUTY MYTH

Possible Questions: 

(Examen de la Escuela Oficial de idiomas de la Comunidad de Madrid)

The ideal of beauty has changed throughout history, which would suggest that beauty really is in the eye of beholder.

Organise these prompts before you talk to the examiners about the topic for 4-6 minutes:

  • Modern obsession with beauty
  • Beauty and Gender Stereotypes
  • Your opinion of plastic Surgery.

Enlace a los Examenes orales (speaking) de la Comunidad de Madrid

(2ª hoja).

TOPIC 13 THE BEAUTY MYTH

Haz click aquí para ver la Infografía (GlogsterEdu)

Nowadays, our society is getting stereotypes of prettiness. We live in a consumer society and material world and there is a lack of values, so we think that having a good appearance is an important thing. If you are physically attractive, it’s believed that it involves power and has a successful life.

Advertising and Mass Media play an important role on it. The tendency is to follow a celebrity who become fashionable or that mark the tendency in the beauty. In these days, there are several stereotypes which are very fashionable, like being extremely skinny, wearing brand clothes…. and besides, the way of behaviour: make-up, hobbies (and so on)…. This situation is very harmful, because it can lead to an obsession and mental illnesses…. specially in young people which are very vulnerable. Youngsters all look the same, they follow the same tendency: clothes, hair, make-up….. Young people are obsessed with this, and it can lead in anxiety, fear, frustration…. they don’t want to feel themselves like a weird. And this situation can be very dangerous.

Beauty world is a booming business. The vast majority of people spend a lot of money on cosmetics, beauty treatment, make-up…. People want to look their best, having a good looking, having fit… So, Plastic surgery is becoming more and more popular. It’s the most extreme way to enhance the beauty. But, it can be very dangerous because it involves a surgery. On the other hand, people who suffer injuries on their skin can use the plastic surgery to improve their looking, and I think it is a helpful solution. In this case, plastic surgery play an important and vital role and it is completely necessity.

As far as I am concerned, I think you have to feel good with yourself, because beauty is a mental thing. And, besides, It’s very important to have a high self-steam in order to have a successful life and to be happier.

TOPIC 12: THE ENVIRONMENT

Possible questions in the exam:

  • Do you ever worry about the environment? Are you self-conscious about the environment?
  • What are the biggest environmental problems in the world?
  • Is there a problem with clean water in your country? If so, why is there a problem?
  • What can governments do to save our environment?
  • What can individual do to help the enviroment? Give reasons.

TOPIC12ENVIRONMENT

Haz click aquí para ver la infografía (Glogster)

Possible Answer:

Nowadays, our natural environment is suffering more and more the terrible human impact. At the moment, there are a lot of environmental problems, like desforestation, the destruction of the ozone layer, acid rain, the greenhouse effect, pollution in the air with traffic humes, and harmful chemicals which are released into the atmosphere,  pollution in the rivers and oceans with illegal effluents, sewage spills, industrial waste, drinking water is being contamined due to river pollution…. (and so on)….

All this take parts of a terrible situation and involves awful drawbacks in our planet. The destruction of the rainforest carries many animals are wiped out, fish supplies are depleted through overfishing, pollution is very harmful for us, besides, there are methods of electricity generation (which emit greenhouse gases), and contribute to global warming.

Our governments have to improve their natural measures. It is important to support  alternative source of power, like solar stations, wind power… These one should be easy to live and work with, safe, practical, cheap and clean. On top of that, they are higly productive and friendly with the planet. Besides, our goverments should have stricker laws and hard punishments for illegal hunting, encourage countries to control the number of trees are cut down, reduce gases emitted from factories (and so on)…

On the other hand, we all have to be aware about this problem, and contribute to conserve our planet, like: switch off the lights, ride a bicycle, insulate our houses, use public transport, use less petrol and electricity, save on water, recycle our rubbish ….. In this way, we all can contribute to conservate our environment and wildlife.

Our environment affects all of us. We share the same planet. We all have to be aware of the necessity of improve our natural world. The environmental organizations play an important role, but we all can do a little effort in being much more ecological.

(*Nota: El tema de “Environment” es un poco lioso. No hace falta estudiarse conceptos muy específicos ni ser un especialista en la materia. Sólo llevar las ideas claras y además que esas ideas sean muy sencillas. No hace falta entrar en mucha materia).

TOPIC 11: MONEY

Possible Questions:

  • How important is money in today’s society?
  • Which is the safest way of paying for something? How far do you agree that people who regularly pay for things online risk becoming the victims of fraud or identity theft?
  • In the future, traditional forms of money, coins banknotes and even cheques will completely disappear within the next few years and be entirely replaced by credit cards and other mechanical or digital methods of paying. What’s your opinion?

money

Para ver la infografía, haz click aquí. (glogster)

Possible Answer:

In today’s consumer society, money plays a vital role. We all are dominated by spending money and buying material possessions. As a matter of fact, having money can show your status in our society: having a good car, wealthy possessions, living in a upper-class neighbourhood and so on…. can be the representative of the real happiness. On the other hand, we are highly likely to have endless mortgages, high invoices, others instalments… besides, the standard of living has risen a lot over the last years, and we can see how families can’t make end meet due to their mortgage and the cost of living in general. It’s for that money is very important for us.

Since a long time ago, due to new technologies and the use of the internet, we can buy and pay by the internet. It’s a easy and comfortable way of payment, and it is becoming more and more popular, but it can carry fraud and cheating. With a credit card’s number, you can purchase absolutely everything on the net. And, it is very easy to have a identity theft and be cheated. Nowadays, there are a lot of research and studies to avoid this way of fraud, but internet is not the safest way of payment. In a press of a bottom, you can pay any amount of money. You can be aware of this problem, and be very self-conscious with your shopping on the web. In my opinion, I think that the safest way of paying for something is face to face, but nowadays we all are dominated by the internet, because is very easy to achieve goods and services on the net, by the way the Computer crime has to be pursued and tried by the authorities.

In the near future, Coins and paper money are likely to disappear and be replaced by digital methods: through mobile phones, advanced credit cards and so on…. It may occur but as far as I am concerned, I think that that moment may happen in a long term. Nowadays, there are a lot of people, specially elderly people, who don’t know pay by the internet and credit cards… but Banking in general work in this way, by the way Digital methods of paying and paper money’s disappearance will take place in a not too far future.

(This answer takes about 5 minutes. Money is a topic very important. It is likely to answer you about this. There are a lot of questions about this topic, but speaking about ways of paying and the role of the internet in this are the most populars in any exam).

TOPIC 10: ADVERTISING WORLD

POSSIBLE QUESTIONS:

  • Arguments for and against advertising
  • Censorship
  • What makes you buy something.
  • What particular advertisements you can remember vividly and why

VOCABULARY AND BRAINSTORMING:

Advertising

Haz click aquí para ver la Infografía (Glogster)

 

POSSIBLE ANSWER:

Nowadays, we all are surrounded by advertising. It is a way of showing people your products or services and make them are bought and used. It is an unavoidable part of everyone’s life. Nobody can scape of it. You cannot avoid it. Advertising world has been changing in a great way, specially with the developing of the Mass Media and Internet. We are been boomed with a lot of information. Most of it, it’s prepared to make us to buy goods.

Advertisements are run by Advertising agencies. They make wonderful campaign strategies in order to create a powerful brand building. Most of the products have to be promoted by publicity campaigns in order to be known by people and consequently to be bought.

There are a lot of types of advertisements. Some of them are playing with our minds. In a way that, there are passing us information that we don’t realize. Not always it works but in many cases, it does. Ads. Agencies are paid by sponsor companies in order to make that certain type of products are known by people. There is a great variety of ads.: some of them are very attractive, funny with nice music…. on the other hand, other ads. want you to think about their messages. These advs. make us to feel impacted and most of them remain in our minds. It is a main outline of advertising campaigns. But, the general propose is make you buy something. Not necessarily, it is a necessity for you, but with the advs., they create our new and false necessities.

During the last years, Internet has changed in a successful platform for publicity. It is cheaper, and reaches a bigger amount of people at any time. New technologies have been a revolution in the way of advertising world. It is the most important source of income for the Media. So that, it is so important to them.

In my opinion, we have to learn to distinguish what we need and we not need in order not to be affected by this advertising campaign, because this campaign’s destiny is for people who have not very clear ideas. People have to be aware what advertisement wants and think themselves what they need. On the other hand, Although, it helps to create a consumer society, advertising world move a lot of money and create a lot of employments.

TOPIC 9: CRIME

Possible questions:

  • What do you think are the main causes of crime in your country?
  • Do you have any other suggestions for reducing crime in your local area?
  • Do you think the police should carry guns?
  • Do you think the death penalty is a valid form of punishment?

TOPIC 9 CRIME

Clicka aquí para ver la infografía (prezi)

Possible Answer:

Nowadays, Crime is a everyday’s problem for citizens, and causes insecurity and sorrows. There are a lot of kinds of crime, such as: kidnapping, murders, smuggling, forgers, arson, carjacking and so on…… In my country, due to the bad economical situation which we live at the moment, shoplifting, burglaries and drug dealing are being increased more and more than ever before. It’s thought to be caused by unemployment, poverty, social exclusion problems….. which are suffering our society. On the other hand, murders are not common in my country, but, one of the main causes of murder in Spain is Domestic Violence. Some men develop criminal tendencies because of numerous frustrations, and they accuse their wives or companions of their problems. they can become “real monsters”.

As individual we all can try to help other people not to be robbed or assaulted. It’s advisable that if you see someone who are being assaulted, don’t interphere, simply call the police. You could be injured, you try to help and keep the calm as far as possible. Besides, other measure could be that there would be more police in our streets, in order to keep an eye on us.

Crime represents a threat to the welfare society and it must be abolished. But, criminals cannot be reformed until they  are apprehended and brought to Justice. Phicologists and specialists are responsible for the welfare of criminal and carry them to live a good life in the future. Only those who commit the most serious  crimes are punished severely. On the other hand, they have to fulfill their sentences and pay for all the guilt completely. Criminals must stay all the time they have to pay for their actions in Jail, it means that they cannot come out earlier.

Community Service is the best punishment for young people who commit a minor offence. It is aimed to persuade teenagers not to reoffend. Criminal youngsters are punished with suitable punishments, like cleaning the streets, take care eldery people, paint white street walls and so on…. So that, they have a enriching experience and they can realize there can be helpful for the Society.

As for the Death penalty, I personally believe that under any circunstances, it has to accepted in any case. It is an eyesore, which has to be abolished. Criminals have to pay for their actions in prison. Nowadays, it’s a controversial topic, but in a civilised country it cannot be take into account.

TOPIC 8: THE MASS MEDIA

Possible questions in the speaking about the topic the Mass Media:

  • Changes in the Mass Media during the last years.
  • Journalist’s role in the digital era.
  • Yellow press:  Do you think that pay much attention in celebrities? Do you agree o disagree?
  • Give your opinion about these statements.

Brainstorming and Mind Map:

The mass media

Haz click aquí para ver la imagen (glogster)

Posible Answer:

The Mass Media involve Television, Radio, Press and of course, Internet, and besides,  all way of communication.  The Mass media can control the opinion public’s interests, and so that it has a vital importance nowadays. On the other hand,  Society never has had a great variety of information than ever before. Due to the use of new technology and specially the internet, we get the free information at the press of a bottom.

So, the role of the journalist and specially  serious press have a great revelance. It is very important that  journalists check their information carefully, and should have the obligation to inform their readers of the facts accurately. On the other hand, it’s very common that journalists concentrate their efforts on famous people, because it can appeal more readers, and therefore more publicity on their media platforms.

During the last years, Yellow press had become very popular and had attracted a lot of readers.  It is a kind of journalism which focuses on sensationalism and a way of exaggerating  news. Generally speaking, it involves famous people’s life, celebrities’s scandals, gossiping, Violent crimes, Royal family  and so on… It is covered by tabloids, magazines, websites… Nowadays, it is becoming more and more popular and successful, and appeal readers’s attention with eye-catching headlines, impressive pictures and so on….. In my opinion, in some cases, the governments are interested in this Yellow press, because people’s minds are occupatied in these banal cases and not the nation’s real problems. It can be very worrying, because this way people have not opportunity to think or to give their opinions,  discuss the problems…..

As far as I am concerned, public opinion can be influenced by the Mass Media, and it’s a terrible situation, because this trends to make people stupid. People have to be aware that they have to read realible news and serious press, in order to be very well informed. So that, the society would create a good knowledge of their society’s problems and realize of the real situation that surround us.

TOPIC 7: FRIENDSHIP AND DATING

TOPIC 7: FRIENDSHIP AND DATING

Ideas and Brainstorming (Your mind can not go blank)

friendship and dating (2)

Haz clik aquí para ver la imagen (glog)

POSSIBLE QUESTIONS YOU CAN HOPE IN YOUR SPEAKING ABOUT THIS TOPIC:

  • How have the ways of staying in touch with people and dating changed during the last years?
  • Which way of staying in touch with your friends do you prefer?
  • What are the advantages or disadvantages of each of these options?

ANSWER

Nowadays, the way of meeting people has changed a lot. With the impact of social networks,  online methods to meet new people have increased and got much more fashionable than other traditional ways as meeting people in a bar or at work. Having a social life is very important in people’s lives because it can make you be happier.

Either friendship or between partners, we are generally attracted to people who are similar to us, fairly similar in education, intelligence and what we think matters in life. Besides, Couples usually share religious and beliefs and are about the same age. Sometimes, starting to make friends and as a result the couple’s relationship gets stronger. So that, you can feel attracted to each other, and begin to go out.

Today, the internet is one of the most popular ways for people to get dates. Social networks are a helpful tool to meet new people. There are a lot of relationships that have started online. It is a easy way, because you can speak with unknown people at home, you can express your feelings more easily online and get to know each other more quickly. On the other hand, you can lie more easily, and you can read people’s misleading profiles in a dating site. You should be aware of having reasonable expectations when you chat to speak though social networks.

On the other hand, there are a wide range of posibilities of meet people, for example, in blind dates, speed dates….. Finding a partner has always been complicated proceess. In recent years speed dating has become popular all around the world. It means that a single person have exactly 3 minutes to decide if the person they are talking to, could be your perfect people. Everything involves in a quick conversation. Internet is a good option for people that can’t have a social life. The traditional offline methods are much more effective because you talk to other person face to face, and it is much more trustful.

The most important thing in a relationship is Trust and you  can be available in awful situations. Keeping in touch with your friends is very necessary, even when your friend live far away from you. You should be supportive when your friends feel upset or get down. So that, it’s very likely to have a lot of friends.

Having a good social life is very necessary in our life. If you tend o be self-sufficient and not need many friends, you can end up alone and that is not a good option for your life.

(Nota: El topic en general es muy extenso, no están abarcados todos los puntos en la redacción del speaking. Por eso, en el brainstorming (glogs/imagen) hay más ideas no tratadas en la respuesta, que se nombran con el fin de dar más ideas y no quedarse en blanco)

TOPIC 6: SHOPPING CENTRES.

TOPIC 6: MALLS AND SHOPPING CENTRES

(Examen Escuela Oficial de Idiomas de Zaragoza)shopping centres

Vocabulary and Brainstorming:

Vocabulary and Brainstorming.

Clicka aquí para ver la imagen de los esquemas (Glog)

Answer:

Since few years back, we are seeing that malls and Shopping Centres are being more and more successful ways of purchasing in our lifestyle. They are huge buildings which are built on the outskirts or commercial areas of our cities. There, you can buy absolutely everything. A great variety of stores are there, in the same place, shops like: supermarkets, clothing stores, shoe shops… (and so on)… There, you can find a wide range of products, but specially you can pick up bargains because there are usually a lot of sales.

All products are well laid out, their window displays are very attractive, sometimes there are a pleasant music, a wide range of products, prices are clearly marked….Everything is thought to customers spend their money, and come back for their following shopping.

Some years ago, people used to buy in the little shops. People have everything at the doors of their houses. But now, many of Corner shops have closed.  Local shops could not compete with these malls.  And now, people do their shopping in this big shopping centres where they buy for the week, for a longer period.

Besides, you can have a lot of facilities to make you have your shopping easier.  They become a leisure centre. You can find cinemas, restaurants…. you can spend and enjoy all the day there, having a lunch, watching a movie, taking a coffee…. It is very common to see entire families spending the day there. It is considered as an outing. It is very important to have a free parking lot there. Besides, normally, these places also have a special place where you can leave your children attended by childminders while you do all your shopping, have sport facilities like ski slopes… (and so on)….

Malls are becoming in a successful way of spending your spare time. But, on the other hand, we are creating consumer societies. The most important advantage is that these malls create employments. But, in Today’s consumer society, malls and shopping centres are appearing as a fashionable way of shopping, and something, like unique to spend your free time, and these way of thinking can be dangerous.

TOPIC 5: STRESS

 

TOPIC 5:  STRESS

 (Examen de la Escuela Oficial de Idiomas de Las Palmas de Gran Canarias)

STRESS

VOCABULARY

Stressful_society (2)

 

Mind Map

Para ver el mind map (imagen del mapa mental) presione sobre el enlace url o abra hipervínculo con el botón derecho.

http://www.mindomo.com/es/edit/9c73c72aeaa241bdb3b1ed147dbc2068

 Sample Mind Map

ANSWER:

The pressures of modern society can push stress to dangerously high levels. It’s becoming a very common problem in our everyday life. Even, It can get becoming in a terrible illness which can affect our lives.

There are a lot of situations which can cause stress. Although work is the major source of stress for many people, there are other ones like demanding studies, family troubles, noises, everyday responsabilities…that’s means the pace of modern life.  All of that can cause harmful physical effects, increase the risk of heart trouble, anxiety…. The most important thing is that you may know what level of stress you have, so that, you can get rid of your stress and you can have a nice and pleasant life.

Nowadays, there are a lot of quiet and relaxing methods which can overcome your level of stress. Do yoga or oriental exercises are fashionable methods, but there are other ones too, for example, start up satisfying activities relaxing hobbies… (and so on)… Besides, you can change your routine and wind down a bit.. so that you can be less stressed, also having a good laugh is a free way to relax, taking a break if you are run-down, trying  not to work quite so hard, hearing relaxing music…. (and so on). You can feel much more energetic after these methods of relaxation.

It’s not easy to make gradual changes in your lifestyle, but you can have long-term benefits  in your life. Changing your everyday behaviour, you can improve your health, because stress can become a horrible illness which will affect your life.

(This can give ideas to speak in your exam about 4/5 minutes).